China tops the United States for the first time in the ranking of “best” universities in the world

China has overtaken the United States in a major ranking of the best universities in the world.

Of the 2,000 schools from more than 90 countries ranked by US News & World Report, the list is ranked by 338 Chinese universities, compared to 280 in the US. It is the first time that China has outnumbered the United States

The results were reported in the media outlet.The best world university rankingsReleased Tuesday. The United States and China were followed by Japan (105 universities), the United Kingdom (92) and India (81).

The media outlet began its ranking in 2014 as more universities began to compete for students, as well as faculty and research investments. Rankings are based on a range of criteria, including reputation for research, publications, conferences, and citations. Student and individual program scores are not included.

Although China has overtaken the United States by 58 places, the majority of American universities appear in the first half of the rankings, including 8 of the top 10, according to the report.

Here is the top ten list:

  1. Harvard University (USA)

  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)

  3. Stanford University (USA)

  4. University of California – Berkeley (USA)

  5. Oxford University (UK)

  6. University of Washington – Seattle (USA)

  7. Columbia University (USA)

  8. University of Cambridge (UK)

  9. California Institute of Technology (USA)

  10. Johns Hopkins University (USA)

The report added four new topics to its 43 rankings: artificial intelligence; and artificial intelligence. Education and educational research. meteorological and atmospheric sciences; and water resources. “They are hot fields right now and there is a lot of interest on different levels,” Robert Morse, chief data strategist at US News, told MarketWatch in an email.

Among the top 10 schools for artificial intelligence, five were from mainland China; The American Carnegie Mellon also ranked high.

While public health concerns and travel restrictions related to the pandemic have partly led to the dramatic drop in numbers over the past two years, growing tensions between the two countries have also prompted Chinese students to gradually seek alternatives, both in China and outside the United States. and options.

Enrollment of international students at US colleges and universities peaked in the 2015-2016 academic year and has declined since then Institute of International Education He said, citing visa concerns, competition from other countries with better chances of obtaining work visas, and stronger social and political ties between China and other countries.

Here are the top 10 universities in Asia:

  1. Tsinghua University (China)

  2. National University of Singapore (Singapore)

  3. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

  4. Peking University (China)

  5. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (China)

  6. University of Hong Kong (China)

  7. King Abdulaziz University (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)

  8. University of Tokyo (Japan)

  9. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

  10. Zhejiang University (China)

Artificial intelligence is among the few areas that both the United States and China regard as strategic national priorities. The Biden administration signed The National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Law of 2020 to become law in 2021, with the goal of strengthening US leadership in this area.

“The world’s leading powers are racing to develop and deploy new technologies such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing that could shape everything in our lives – from where we get energy NG00,
+ 1.66%And the
Secretary of State Anthony J. Blinken Last Year: How We Do Our Job, How We Fight Wars.

“We want America to maintain our scientific and technological edge, because it is critical to us to thrive in the twenty-first century economy,” Blinkin He said in a letter At the tech summit last year.

Among the top 10 AI schools, five were from mainland China, including Tsinghua University, which ranked first. Carnegie Mellon University is the top American college for artificial intelligence research, ranking 12th on the list. China also leads in other scientific topics, including NanoscienceAnd the Nano technologyAnd the polymer science Engineering and physical chemistry.

Fewer Chinese students have attended colleges in the United States since the coronavirus pandemic. From January to September 2022, 52,034 Chinese citizens received F-1 visas, down from 95,518 in the same period in 2019, according to TUS State Department data. Foreign students use the F-1 visa to earn a degree or academic degree in the United States

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