In a statement, Freya Famburg, Copernican’s chief scholar, described the past three months as a “summer of extremes.”
The combination of record temperatures and unusually dry conditions fueled by climate change, she said, has caused chaos across the continent. Officials attributed the thousands of deaths to prolonged periods of oppressive hot weather. Crops withered and forests turned brown and barren, as Western Europe suffered its worst drought in centuries. Forest fires erupted from the Caucasus Mountains to the Atlantic coast, and the fires erupted Almost 50 percent of the Earth From the previous record set in 2017.
Scientists say the historical season was made worse by man-made warming. One recent analysis have found Burning fossil fuels and other carbon-emitting activities made a July heatwave in Britain 10 times more likely. Other research shows that a cycle of hot weather and dry, climate-driven landscapes can do just that lead to the formation of “thermal domes” That skews rainy weather and forces the continent to bake in the inescapable sun and heat.
“We expect these types of extreme events to become more frequent and intense due to climate change,” Carlo Bontempo, director of the Copernicus Service, wrote in an email. “Trends in this direction are clearly visible in the monitoring records.”
Copernicus said global temperatures in August were the third-highest on record. Heat waves have swept across most of China, making this the hottest summer in the country. Drought hit the western United States and Canada. Even Antarctica was much warmer than usual in this period; Hit the extent of sea ice around Antarctica a low record for the month of July.
Human pollution with greenhouse gases is heating the planet at a pace unmatched since before the fall of the Roman Empire, according to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Global average temperatures are now at least 1.1°C (2°F) higher than they were before the start of the industrial age.
All of the past seven years Ranked seventh out of the seven hottest times of all time; Even natural fluctuations, such as the current cold weather pattern in the Pacific Ocean, cannot reverse the relentless, man-made global warming trend.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the risks of climate change become stark in summer. From America’s national parks to the cobbled streets of French villages, a steady rise in temperatures has turned what was often a time of joy into a season of disaster.
During the famous Tour de France, when the world’s top cyclists spent three weeks cycling from the Belgian border through the Alps, through the shores of the Mediterranean to the streets of Paris, the organizers had to do just that. Spray the roads with water to prevent it from melting.
Heavy rain in Yellowstone – more likely because a warmer atmosphere can hold more water – One of the main roads of the park was flooded The surrounding economies are devastated.
In China, the heat wave lasted more than 10 weeks Factories closed and electricity was forced to cut. At least eight people were killed in Seoul when it invaded the South Korean capital Record-breaking storms. And the The water shortage in northern Mexico has become very severe That people sabotaged pipes and kidnapped truck drivers only to find something to drink.
Many parts of the world have also experienced severe weather episodes, with climate change disrupting normal seasonal patterns and making the weather less predictable. After experiencing some of the worst droughts in history this summer, communities in the southwestern United States, including Dallas and Death Valley, suffered record rains that washed away hikers and destroyed roads.
In Pakistan, one of the most severe documented heat waves of prolonged duration and intensity was followed by an abnormal heat wave Exceptionally wet monsoon season; By late August, nearly a third of the country was under water and millions were displaced from their homes.
“Infected events have always been happening, but now we are seeing the fluctuations from one weather system to another becoming more violent and disruptive,” said Jennifer Francis, a senior scientist at the Woodwell Center for Climate Research, He told the Washington Post Last month. She described it as “another clear sign that the climate crisis is with us now.”